Kentucky Down Under Adventure Zoo

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  • Kentucky Down Under Adventure Zoo
  • Kentucky Down Under Adventure Zoo
  • Kentucky Down Under Adventure Zoo
  • Kentucky Down Under Adventure Zoo
  • Kentucky Down Under Adventure Zoo
  • Kentucky Down Under Adventure Zoo

Adventure Zoo

Our Unique Animals


Kentucky Down Under Adventure Zoo is home to many unique animals as well as home to many animals that you may see around every day. Here are just a few of the animals that you may see during a visit to Kentucky Down Under Adventure Zoo. Please check back often – we will be adding more as we go! Also, please make sure you visit “Things to See & Do” to view our many other Adventure Zoo Attractions.


 

White Bison

White Bison

Traditional Bison

Scientific Name: Bison bison

Range: Open plains of U.S. and Canada originally. Now found only in parks and reserves.
Habitat: American bison live in river valleys, and on prairies and plains. Typical habitat is open or semi-open grasslands, as well as sagebrush, semi-arid lands and scrublands.

Cool Facts:

  • The bison’s temperament is often very unpredictable – they can be lazy one moment and attack a moment later.
  • They can move at speeds of up to 35 mph and cover long distances at a lumbering gallop.
  • Due to their size, bison have few predators. Five notable exceptions are the grey wolf, humans, brown bear, coyote, and the grizzly bear.
  • Bison have poor eyesight, but acute hearing and an excellent sense of smell.
  • Yellowstone Park is the only place in the lower 48 states where a population of wild bison has persisted since prehistoric times.

When you get out of your car in the parking lot at Kentucky Down Under Adventure Zoo, you will see a large fenced in enclosure that houses our White Bison. The coat on this large White Bison will change throughout the year and during the winter months will be the lightest in color.


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American Alligator

Scientific Name: Alligator mississippiensis

Range: Southeastern United States

Lifespan: 30 – 50 years (Adult)

Length: Male: 11-15 ft. (Adult), Female: 8.9 ft. (Adult)

Mass: Male: 500 lbs (Adult), Female: 200 lbs (Adult)

Cool Facts:

  • American alligators have been documented using lures to hunt prey such as birds. This means they are among the first reptiles recorded to use tools. By balancing sticks and branches on their heads, American alligators are able to lure birds looking for suitable nesting material to kill and consume. This strategy is particularly effective during the nesting season, in which birds are more likely to gather appropriate nesting materials.
  • American alligators hold the record for having the strongest laboratory-measured bite of any living animal, measured at up to 2,125 lbf.
  • Notwithstanding this very high biting force, the muscles opening the alligator’s jaw are quite weak, and the jaws can be held closed by hand or tape when an alligator is captured.

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Coatimundis

Scientific Name: Nasua

Range: Southwestern U.S. (southern Arizona, New Mexico, and Texas) through northern Argentina.

Habitat: Overall, coatis are widespread, occupying habitats ranging from hot and arid areas to humid Amazonian rainforests or even cold Andean mountain slopes, including grasslands and bushy areas.

Cool Facts:

  • All coatis share a slender head with an elongated, flexible, slightly upward-turned nose, small ears, dark feet, and a long, non-prehensile tail used for balance and signaling.
  • Coatis often hold the tail erect; it is used as such to keep troops of coatis together in tall vegetation.
  • The coati snout is long and somewhat pig-like  – part of the reason for its nickname 'the hog-nosed raccoon'. It is also extremely flexible – it can be rotated up to 60° in any direction. They use their noses to push objects and rub parts of their body.
Coatis have strong limbs to climb and dig, and have a reputation for intelligence, like their fellow procyonid, the raccoon. They prefer to sleep or rest in elevated places and niches, like the rainforest canopy, in crudely built sleeping nests. Coatis are active day and night.

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Arctic Wolves

Scientific Name: Canis lupus arctos

Range: The Arctic wolf originated on the Canadian Arctic Islands and in north and east Greenland, hence their name, Arctic wolf.

Habitat: Arctic wolves are incredibly versatile and adaptive animals, able to withstand year round sub-zero temperatures. Living in the Arctic Circle, the Arctic wolf spends five out of twelve months in total darkness.

Cool Facts:

  • The Arctic wolf hunts lemmings, assorted rodents, and Arctic hare but will take larger prey like caribou when available.
When the Arctic wolf wants to hunt musk ox, the pack will gather and work as a team attempt to isolate it from the herd and take it. An adult musk ox is simply too big for one Arctic wolf to try and take on alone.

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Barred Owl

Scientific Name: Strix varia

Range: North America

Diet: Small mammals, reptiles, amphibians

Lifespan: 10-20 years

Size: 16-25 inches tall, weighs 1.5-4 lbs.

Wingspan: 38-50 inches

Cool Facts:

Better known as the Hoot owl for its distinctive call, it will also hiss in a raspy voice when agitated.

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Fainting Goats

Scientific Name: Capra aegagrus hircus

Range: Worldwide

History: Goats are one of the oldest domesticated species, and have been used for their milk, meat, hair, and skins over much of the world. In 2011, there were more than 924 million live goats around the globe, according to the UN Food and Agriculture Organization.

Cool Facts:

A myotonic goat, otherwise known as the fainting goat, is a domestic goat whose muscles freeze for roughly 3 seconds when the goat feels panic. Though painless, this generally results in the animal collapsing on its side. The characteristic is caused by a hereditary genetic disorder called myotonia congenita. When startled, younger goats will stiffen and fall over. Older goats learn to spread their legs or lean against something when startled, and often they continue to run about in an awkward, stiff-legged shuffle.

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Donkeys

Scientific Name: Equus Africanus Asinus

Range: Worldwide

Legend: The Legend of the Donkey's Cross - Jesus rode into Jerusalem on the back of a small donkey. The little animal loved him so much that when he was sentenced to be crucified, it wanted to help him bear the burden of the cross. The donkey was driven away but returned to pay its respects when everyone else had gone. As it turned away sadly, the shadow of the cross fell over its shoulders. The mark has remained there ever since as a permanent tribute to the donkey's love and loyalty.

Cool Facts:

  • The donkey has been used as a working animal for at least 5000 years.
There are more than 40 million donkeys in the world, mostly in underdeveloped countries, where they are used principally as draught or pack animals.

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Great Pyrenees

Scientific Name: Canis lupus familiaris

Temperament: Strong Willed, Gentle, Confident, Fearless, Patient, Affectionate.

Lifespan: 10-11 years

Size: 25-32 inches tall, weighs 85-140 lbs.

Cool Facts:

  • According to the Great Pyrenees Club of America, the Great Pyrenees is naturally nocturnal and aggressive with any predators that may harm its flock.
However, the breed can typically be trusted with small, young, and helpless animals of any kind due to its natural guardian instinct.

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Woma Pythons

Woma Pythons

Scientific Name: Aspidites ramsayi

Range: Aspidites ramsayi, commonly known as Ramsay’s python, woma and sand python, is a species endemic to Australia. Once common throughout Western Australia, it has become critically endangered in some regions.

Habitat: Inhabits arid zones, favoring open myrtaceous heath on sandplains and dune fields that are dominated by spinifex grass. During the day the Woma shelters in hollow logs, old reptile or mammal burrows or thick vegetation.

Cool Facts:

  • Snakes of the genus Aspidites lack the heat sensing pits of all other pythons.
  • The Woma python is distinguished from other Australian pythons by its narrow head which is barely distinct from the neck.
  • It uses its head like a shovel to dig and enlarge its burrow.
  • It kills its prey by squashing it against the walls of its burrow.

The Woma Python is a species of snake that is endemic to Australia. Once common to Western Australia, it has become critically endangered in some regions. At Kentucky Down Under Adventure Zoo we have a female (Bonnie) and a male (Clyde) Woma Python, both are very docile and often used in one of our Animal Shows. The female python is larger (because she has to hold 15 to 20 eggs) than the male. These pythons spend more of their time in tunnels looking for their prey and use their body to force the prey against the tunnel wall to kill and then eat.


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Silver Fox

Silver Fox

Scientific Name: Vulpes vulpes

Range: Silver foxes are one of the most widely distributed carnivorous species in the world; ranging over much of the northern hemisphere and Australia.

Habitat: Humans have introduced them to many habitats for hunting purposes. In North America, they are found mostly in the Northwest although historically they were trapped in the East.

Cool Facts:

  • Did you know that foxes have whiskers on their legs as well as around their faces, which they use to help them find their way?
  • Female foxes (vixens) are occasionally assisted in rearing their cubs by a non-breeding sister or a female cub from a previous litter. These ‘aunts’ gain valuable experience which helps them to rear their own litter successfully the next season.
  • Historically, silver foxes were among the most valued furbearers, and their skins were frequently worn by nobles in Russia, Western Europe, and China.


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Grey/Red Fox

Grey-Red-Fox

Scientific Name: Vulpes vulpes

Range: Red foxes are wide ranging animals, whose range covers nearly 27 million square miles. They are distributed across the entire Northern Hemisphere from the Arctic Circle to North Africa, Central America, and Asia. They are absent in Iceland, the Arctic islands, some parts of Siberia, and in extreme deserts.

Habitat: They have the widest distribution of any of the canids and can be found in a wide variety of habitats.

Cool Facts:

  • Foxes have also been known to climb trees and settle on low branches.
  • Foxes are great night time predators because their eyes are specially adapted to night vision. Behind the light sensitive cells lies another layer called the tapetum lucidum which reflects light back through the eye. This doubles the intensity of images received by the fox. Their eyes glow green when light is shone into them at night.


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Dingoes

Dingoes

Scientific Name: Canis lupus dingo

Range: The dingo is a free-ranging dog found mainly in Australia, as well as Southeast Asia, where it is said to have originated.

Habitat: Dingoes can live in a wide range of habitats found on the Australian mainland. Their preference is a woodland and grassland areas that extend to the edge of forests. They are only limited by access to viable water sources.

Cool Facts:

  • Unlike a domesticated dog, dingoes cannot bark, but instead they howl.
  • It is currently classified as a subspecies of the grey wolf.

We have three Dingoes at Kentucky Down Under Adventure Zoo: Frazier, Mars, and Zeus. Frazier lives in an enclosure with Miya, the New Guinea Singing Dog. The dingo is found mainly in Australia and is a subspecies of the grey wolf. Dingoes have a prominent role in the culture of Aboriginal Australians as a feature of stories and ceremonies, and they are depicted on rock carvings and cave paintings.


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Laughing Kookaburra

Laughing Kookaburra

Scientific Name: Dacelo novaeguineae

Range: The Laughing Kookaburra is endemic to the forests and woodlands of eastern Australia.

Habitat: Kookaburras dwell in open forests, and woodlands, predominantly old growth forests that have hollows or where termites build nests in trees.

Cool Facts:

  • If you “roll your R’s” at a high pitch they will begin to laugh …. most of the time.
  • The call of the kookaburra sounds like crazy laughter.
  • Kookaburras hop instead of walk.
  • Kookaburras will even take on venomous snakes.
  • They fly in zig-zag patterns to protect their territories.
  • They pound their prey against rocks or logs to tenderize it.
  • Lifespan up to 20 years.

The kookaburra is the largest member of the kingfisher family and was once called the giant kingfisher.
The kookaburra’s loud call sounds like echoing human laughter. Kookaburras are carnivorous and are known to eat the young of other birds, mice, snakes, insects, and small reptiles. They are territorial and often sing as a chorus to mark their territory. Known as the “bushman’s alarm clock” because it has a very loud call, a laughing kookaburra vocalizes in its family group at dawn and dusk.


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Cockatiels

Cockatiels

Scientific Name: Nymphicus hollandicus

Range: While the birds can be found across much of mainland Australia, they are not commonly seen in nearby Tasmania. They do not habituate coastal regions. They are more common in eastern areas of the island, and entirely absent from the southeastern and southwestern corners.

Habitat: Cockatiels favor arid or semi-arid countryside or savannah. They require some vegetation as their diet predominantly consists of seeds, grasses, leaves, and bark. They are ground feeders and only use trees as perches, roosts or to lay their eggs in.

Cool Facts:

  • Cockatiels, for the most part, are sexually dimorphic as adults, meaning it’s hard to distinguish their sex visually.
  • Lifespan is 15-30 years.

Cockatiels are native to Australia, where they are found largely in arid or semi-arid country, but always close to water. They are typically seen in pairs or flocks. The Cockatiel’s lifespan in captivity is generally given as 16 to 25 years. The Cockatiel’s distinctive erectile crest expresses the animal’s emotional state. The crest is dramatically vertical when the cockatiel is startled or excited, gently oblique in its neutral or relaxed state, and flattened close to the head when the animal is angry or defensive.


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Sun Conure

Sun Conure

Scientific Name: Aratinga solstitailis

Range: Northeastern South America

Habitat: This bird lives in the tropical canopies spanning from Central America down to central and northeastern South America.

Cool Facts:

  • The Sun Conure is noted for its very loud squawking compared to its relatively small size. It is capable of mimicking humans, but not as well as some larger parrots.
  • Their lifespan is 25-30 years.
  • These birds are extremely fun-loving birds who love to vocalize their need for attention and love to vocalize their disapproval of solitude.

The Sun Conure is a medium-sized brightly colored parrot native to northeastern South America. The Sun Conure is social and typically appears in groups of up to 30 individuals. It mainly feeds on fruits, flowers, berries, nuts, and the likes. The Sun Conure is noted for its very loud squawking compared to its relatively small size. It is capable of mimicking humans, but not as well as some larger parrots.


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Umbrella Cockatoo

Umbrella Cockatoo

Scientific Name: Cocatua alba

Range: Forests of Indonesia.

Habitat: The Umbrella Cockatoo is endemic to lowland tropical rainforests of Indonesia. It also occurs in mangroves, plantations including coconut and agricultural land.

Cool Facts:

  • They have a large white crest which lays flat on their head.
  • When the crest is raised with alarm it may indicate excitement, curiosity, or fear.
  • They are very intelligent and have the ability to use tools, such as using a branch to scratch their backs.
  • Their lifespan is 20-40 years.

The Umbrella Cockatoo is a medium-sized all white cockatoo endemic to tropical rainforest on Islands of Indonesia. When surprised, it extends a large and striking head crest, which has a semicircular shape (similar to an umbrella, hence the alternative name). The undersides of the wings and the tail have a pale yellow color which flashes when they fly. In common with other cockatoos and parrots, the Umbrella Cockatoo has zygodactyl feet with two toes facing forward and two toes facing backward, which enable it to grasp objects with one foot while standing on the other, for feeding and manipulation. The lifespan of the Umbrella Cockatoo can be 40-60 years in captivity.


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African Grey Parrot

African Grey Parrot

Scientific Name: Psittacus erithacus

Range: Central to Western African Rainforests

Habitat: They inhabit coastal areas, from Guinea to Congo Basin and across to Uganda and Southwest Kenya, and survive in rainforests, cultivated land, mangroves, wooded savannas, and gardens.

Cool Facts:

  • The African Grey Parrot is deemed one of the most intelligent birds.
  • They have an impressive memory, and are able to mimic a large number of voices and sounds.
  • Their lifespan is 40-70 years.
  • They migrate according to which trees are in fruit.

The African Grey Parrot is a wonderful and highly intelligent bird. African Grey Parrots require a serious commitment and are great lifelong companions. African Grey Parrots are loving, playful, have the intelligence level of up to a five-year old with the temperament of a two-year old, and bring joy and laughter into the lives of all who have the pleasure of knowing one. African Greys are known as the “Einstein’s” of the parrot world because of their incredible talking ability.


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Blue-and-Gold Macaw

Blue-and-Gold Macaw

Scientific Name: Ara ararauna

Range: Mexico, Central America, and South America

Habitat: Rain forest, forests along rivers, and grasslands with trees.

Cool Facts:

  • Blue-and-Gold Macaws are generally monogamous, meaning they mate for life.
  • Lifespan is up to 80 years.
  • They are also famous for their bright colors, which seem bold and conspicuous to us but actually blend in well with the green leaves, red and yellow fruits, and bluish shadows of the forest homes.

The Blue-and-gold Macaw is a large South American parrot with blue top parts and yellow under parts. It inhabits forest and woodland of tropical South America. Even the most well-tended Blue-and-yellow Macaw will “scream” and make other loud noises. Loud vocalizations, especially “flock calls”, and destructive chewing are natural parts of their behavior and should be expected in captivity. The average lifespan for the Blue-and-yellow Macaw is 60+ years.


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Salmon-Crested Cockatoo

Salmon-Crested Cockatoo

Scientific Name: Cacatua moluccensis

Range: Indonesia

Habitat: This species of cockatoo makes its home in the lowland forests on the Moluccas of eastern Indonesia.

Cool Facts:

  • The Salmon-crested Cockatoo is widely considered to be one of the most demanding parrots to keep as a pet due to their high intelligence, large size, potential noise level, and need to chew.
  • The Salmon-crested cockatoo has small tufts of powder down feathers, the tips of which are able to disintegrate into small flakes of keratin that the bird uses to coat and clean the remainder of its feathers. These down feathers never moly, therefore the bird can use this “powder” to clean itself whenever it wishes, ensuring that it keeps its beautiful shine all year long.

The Salmon-crested Cockatoo also known as the Moluccan Cockatoo, is a cockatoo endemic to the south Moluccas in eastern Indonesia. It has white-pink feathers with a definite peachy glow, a slight yellow on the underwing and underside of the tail feathers and a large retractable recumbent crest which it raises when threatened, revealing hitherto concealed bright red-orange plumes to frighten potential attackers. It may also be raised in excitement or in other ‘emotional’ displays. In the wild the Salmon-crested Cockatoo inhabits lowland forests. Their diet consists mainly of seeds, nuts, and fruit, as well as coconuts, and they also eat meat.


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Ring Tailed Lemurs

Ring Tailed Lemurs

Scientific Name: Lemuriformes

Range: Southwestern Madagascar

Habitat: These mammals can be found living in the southwestern highlands of Madagascar. They usually inhabit areas with trees and plants that have shed their leaves or environments where few trees grow. Ring-tailed lemurs require forest habitats that have been undisturbed by human activity.

Cool Facts:

  • Ring-tailed Lemurs have powerful scent glands and use their unique odor as a communication tool and even as a kind of weapon. During mating season, male lemurs battle for dominance by trying to out-stink each other.
  • Males use their striped tails during “stink fights:” they rub their tail over scent glands on their arms, then wave it at their opponent.
  • Lemurs live in large social groups averaging 18 members.
  • Ring-tailed lemurs have distinctive tails consisting of 13 alternating black and white bands.
  • They have special teeth called a “dental comb” which they use to groom their (and other lemurs’) hair.
  • Their lifespan is 15-18 years.


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Rainbow Lorikeets

Rainbow Lorikeets

Scientific Name: Trichoglossus haematodus

Range: They live in the northeastern coast of Australia, around to Eyre Peninsula in South Australia, the Pacific Islands, Papua-New Guinea and Indonesia.

Habitat: The preferred habitat is coastal forests as well as urban gardens. Noisy flocks of up to several hundred may congregate in flowering trees to feed and roost.

Cool Facts:

  • The Rainbow Lorikeet was accidentally released into the southwest of the state of Western Australia in the 1960s and they have since been classified as a pest. Many fruit orchard owners consider them a pest, as they often fly in groups and strip trees containing fresh fruit.
  • Lorikeets love hanging from trees while sucking nectar.
  • Their tongues are shaped like a brush to collect nectar.
  • Rainbow Lorikeets sleep on one leg unless they are ill.
  • They pollinate many of the flowering plants in Australia.
  • While a female Lorikeet incubates an egg she is fed by her mate.
  • They are extremely smart birds.


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Shire Draft Horses

Shire Draft Horses

Scientific Name: Equus ferus caballus

Range: Britain

Habitat: The Shire horse does not have a habitat in the wild. Its habitat is captivity. The Shire horse originated in England.

Cool Facts:

  • The Shire horse was originally the staple breed in the UK used to draw carts to deliver ale from the brewery to the public houses.
  • The largest Shire ever recorded weighed 1.5 tons.
  • Their lifespan is 15-30 years.
  • They are 5-7 ft. (65-85 inches) tall, 16-18 hands high, 1500-3300 lbs.
  • Legs often have white stockings with long hairs known as “feather”.


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Belgian Draft Horses

Belgian Draft Horses

Scientific Name: Equus ferus caballus

Range: Belgium

Habitat: The Belgian horse does not have a habitat in the wild. Its habitat is captivity. The Belgian horse originated in Belgium.

Cool Facts:

  • Belgian horses are able to pull tremendous weights.
  • At the National Western Stock Show in Colorado, a team of two horses in the Heavyweight class pulled 17,000 pounds a distance of 7 ft. 2 inches.
  • Their lifespan is 15-30 years
  • They are 5-6 ft (62-68 inches tall), 16-17 hands high, and 1800-2400 lbs.


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Red Kangaroos

Red Kangaroos

Scientific Name: Macropus rufus

Range: From the central western Australian coast to the western side of the Great Dividing range.

Habitat: Open plains in most of Australia. Most often the dry arid areas.

Cool Facts:

  • The female kangaroo is usually permanently pregnant, except on the day she gives birth; however, she has the ability to freeze development of an embryo until the previous joey is able to leave the pouch.
  • This is known as embryonic diapause, and will occur in times of drought and in areas with poor food sources.
  • The male Red Kangaroos are twice the size of females.
  • Red Kangaroos are the largest of the kangaroos.
  • Macropus rufus means “big foot” and “red” in Latin.
  • Their lifespan is 7-15 years.
  • They can travel up to 25 mph, making leaps 26 feet long, and 5 feet high.
  • Kangaroos can’t walk backwards.
  • A hopping kangaroo is able to keep moving while hardly expending any additional energy.
  • The male is a boomer, the female a flyer, and the young are joeys.
  • Kangaroos live in groups of a dozen or more called mobs.


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Eastern Grey Kangaroo

Eastern Grey Kangaroos

Scientific Name: Macropus giganteus

Range: Eastern and coastal regions of Australia.

Habitat: Eastern grey kangaroos have adapted to a wide variety of habitats including coastline and have ventured on to beaches.

Cool Facts:

  • The highest ever recorded speed of any kangaroo was 40 mph set by a large female eastern grey kangaroo.
  • In some places the eastern grey is so numerous it causes overgrazing and some individual populations have been culled in some parts of Australia.
  • Their lifespan is 7-15 years.
  • Males can grow as tall as 6 ft. with a 3 ft. tail and weigh up to 200 lbs.
  • Females are considerably smaller.


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Emus

Emus

Scientific Name: Dromaius novaehollandiae

Range: Throughout Australia, except for the tropical rainforests.

Habitat: They inhabit open grasslands, savannas (grasslands with some trees) and sclerophyll forests in the Australian bush.

Cool Facts:

  • The male is actually the one that incubates the eggs for a period of 56 days. From this time on, he does not eat, drink, or defecate, and stands only to turn the eggs, which he does about 10 times a day.
  • Their lifespan is 10-30 years.
  • Emus are the 2nd largest bird and can run at speeds up to 37 mph.
  • Emus need to drink 2 to 4 gallons of water per day.
  • Emus have 3 toes.
  • They are ratites, flightless birds.
  • Adult Emus can stand 5 to 6 feet tall and they can weigh 150 pounds.


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Sulcata Tortoises

Sulcata Tortoises

Scientific Name: Geochelone sulcata

Range: It inhabits the southern edge of the Sahara desert in northern Africa.

Habitat: Their natural habitats are grasslands, savannahs and shrublands. They are known to burrow into the ground of these dry lands so that they may find moist areas and escape high temperatures.

Cool Facts:

  • They are expected to have a lifespan of 50-150 years.
  • They are also known as the African spurred tortoise.
  • Their burrowing ability is quite remarkable and they have been referred to as little bulldozers due to this ability.


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Patagonian Cavy/Mara

Patagonian Cavy Mara

Scientific Name: Dolichotis patagonum

Range: Patagonian Cavies live only in South America’s Argentina.

Habitat: Cavies occur in a wide variety of habitats ranging from marshy, tropical floodplains to dry, rocky meadow. None of these rodents hibernate, even when living at high altitudes and/or when temperatures are very low. Patagonian Cavies are often drawn to areas that are open and airy.

Cool Facts:

  • Maras will make a number of vocalizations during grazing or slow locomotion, from grunts to screams.
  • Their lifespan is 10-15 years.
  • After eating, Cavies will spend hours basking in the sun.
  • Patagonian Cavies may walk or hop like hares or gallop like horses.


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Indian Peafowl

Indian Peafowl

Scientific Name: Pavo

Range: The native range of the Indian peafowl encompasses India, Sri Lanka, Pakistan, Bhutan, Bangladesh, and Nepal. Captive specimens are found throughout the world, and introduced, feral populations now occur in Australia, New Zealand, the Bahamas, and the United States.

Habitat: In its native range, the Indian peafowl can typically be found inhabiting the undergrowth in open forest and woodland, usually near a river or stream. The Indian peafowl is also known to occur in farmland, villages, and increasingly, more urban areas.

Cool Facts:

  • Male peafowl is called peacock while female is called peahen.
  • A family of peafowl is called a “bevy”.
  • A group of peafowl is called a “party”.
  • Beautiful and colorful tails are characteristic only for the males.
  • The tail makes up 60% of peacocks total length.
  • When in danger, peafowl will fly up into a tree.


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Llamas

Llamas

Scientific Name: Lama glama

Range: The llama’s native geography extends across the Andes Mountains, which includes the countries of Argentina, Bolivia, Chile, Ecuador and Peru. Llamas live throughout the Americas, Europe and Australia as domesticated livestock. They tend to live at altitudes between 7,500 to 13,100 feet above sea level, preferring temperate and mountainous areas.

Habitat: Llamas, alpacas, and sheep will graze together, as they seldom compete for the same food. Llamas feed on tall, coarse bunchgrasses, low shrubs, lichens and mountain vegetation when not grazing on pasture or fed hay. Llamas will eat plants from drier areas, getting most of their water from the plants.

Cool Facts:

  • When used as a pack animal, they can carry up to 35% of their body weight.
  • Their lifespan is 20-30 years.
  • Llamas can be divided in two groups according to the length of their fur: short coated (called Ccara) and the medium coated (called Curaca).
  • Some llamas are used as “guards” of the sheep because they quickly alert and protect the herd when they spot a predator.
  • Llama is not a hoofed animal. It has two toenails on each foot and a leathery pad underneath.


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Miniature Horse

Miniature Horse

Scientific Name: Equus caballus

Range: In the 18th century, miniature horses were used to pull carts in the coal mines in Northern Europe. The first herd of miniatures was brought to the U.S. in the 1930’s and used in the coal mines until the late 1950’s.

Habitat: Miniature domestic horses live in pastures and prefer sunshine and warm climates.

Cool Facts:

  • Miniature horses were first bred in the 1600’s for Europe’s nobility. According to several records from the court of French King Louis XIV, several miniature horses were kept in his exotic animal zoo around 1650.
  • They were also pampered pets of the young princes and princesses of the kingdom.
  • They are very strong hardy horses and can even pull multiple adults in a cart.
  • Miniature horses cannot take a lot of weight on their backs.


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Southdown Sheep

Southdown Sheep

Scientific Name: Ovis aries

Range: Originally an English sheep, the range of the Southdown Sheep is worldwide.

Habitat: Generally in association with humans.

Cool Facts:

  • Southdowns were originally used for meat sheep before refrigeration was invented.
  • Not used as much for meat now due to development of much larger breeds.
  • They have gained popularity as a novelty sheep, especially for orchard growers because they are so short and can’t reach much of the fruit.


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Border Collie Sheep Herding Dogs

Border Collie

Scientific Name:

Range: The Border Collie gets its name from its early ancestors, dogs developed and bred in the border lands between England and Scotland which were highly prized for their herding abilities.

Habitat: Border collies are an active and energetic breed of dog, typically bred for herding sheep. An outdoor environment with pastures and farm animals is an ideal habitat for this dog.

Cool Facts:

  • Border Collies can be almost any color, including red and completely white.
  • All pure Border Collies alive today can trace an ancestral line back to one dog, a Border Collie called “Old Hemp” who lived from 1893 – 1901.
  • Border Collies are very intelligent; proof of Border Collie intelligence is Rico, a Border Collie study subject who could recognize more than 250 objects by name.

The Border Collie is a working and herding dog breed developed in the English-Scottish border region for herding livestock, especially sheep. It was specifically bred for intelligence and obedience. In addition to their success in sheepdog trials, they are often cited as one of the most intelligent of all dogs. In January 2011, a Border Collie was reported to have learned 1,022 words and acts consequently to human citation of those words.


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Miniature Zebu Cow

Miniature Zebu Cow

Scientific Name: Bos primigenius

Range: The miniature zebu originated in Sri Lanka.

Habitat: They are adapted to tropical and sub-tropical conditions.

Cool Facts:

  • The miniature zebu is also known as the Nadudana zebu. The name “zebu” is derived from the Tibetan word “ceba” which means “hump.”
  • They are a very old breed of cattle, possibly dating as far back as 3000 B.C.

A Zebu, sometimes known as humped cattle or Brahman, is a type of domestic cattle originating in South Asia. They are characterized by a fatty hump on their shoulders, drooping ears, and a large dewlap. The Miniature Zebu is a relatively rare, unique animal here in the United States. The breed itself originated in India, with records dating back as far as 3000 B.C.. Miniature Zebu are thought to be the only TRUE miniature breed of cattle in existence that were NOT created by man.


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Serval Cat

Serval Cat

Scientific Name: Leptailurus serval

Range: These cats are solitary carnivores that occupy the sub-Saharan landscape. They are extremely successful hunters that utilize strong senses of sight and sound.

Habitat: Servals live primarily in sub-Saharan Africa in areas close to water. They are often found in well-watered grasslands, scrubs, marshes, and woodlands.

Cool Facts:

  • “Serval” is Portugese for “wolf-deer”.
  • A servals hind legs are longer than its front ones.
  • The serval is the fastest running cat, other than the cheetah.
  • Serval’s don’t chase their prey like Leopards and other cats in the wild. They listen and wait until ready, then they jump in the air and land on their prey. Once they hold them or incapacitate them with their weight, they usually deliver a fatal bite to the neck. Servals are considered the best hunters in the cat world, with a 50 percent kill rate. (A domestic cat’s kill rate is 10 percent, in case you’re wondering.)
     

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